[Analysis, Synthesis, Evaluation]
The course is an introduction to urban design. It focuses on the theories and design approaches during the 20th century, and presents them in relation to the political, ideological and social context of each period.
The course curriculum includes the industrial city, Haussmann’s urban interventions, urban utopias (from Fourier to Scholeri), the Garden city movement, the Socialist city (Soviet Union 1917-1932, The Red Vienna), the urban vision of Modern Movement and the post war European development, the crisis of the modernist city and the return to urban reality (TEAM X, Jacobs, Lynch, Cullen) and to the importance of users and citizens (Alexander, participative planning), historical approaches (conservation, Rossi, Aymonino), the critical reconstruction, urban regeneration, the city of events(Tchumi), the generic city (Koolhaas).
A crucial part of the course focuses on the development of the greek city during the 20th century as a result of a double interweaved process. The one refers to the transfer of the generic models described previously, to the Greek cities. The other refers to the unique Greek historical, social and economical context and its impact on the urban development of the contemporary city.
Students assesment is based on a research project (groups up to 3 students) which offers the 70% of the semester mark and on an individual test at the end of the semester. (30%)
D. Karidis (2006), The seven books of Planning, Papasotiriou (in greek)
D. Filippidis (2009), Ephemeral and Everlasting Athens, PIOP (in greek)
Κ. Καυκούλα, Ν. Παπαμίχος, Β. Χαστάογλου (1990). Σχέδια πόλεων στην Ελλάδα του 19ου αιώνα, Θεσσαλονίκη
Κ.Η. Μπίρη (1966). Αι Αθήναι από του 19ου αιώνα εις τον 20ον αιώνα, Αθήναι
Sp. Costof (1991). The city shaped, Thames and Hudson
Sp. Costof (1992). The city assembled, Thames and Hudson
R. Krier (2003). Town Design, Basel
L. Mumford (1974). The story of Utopias, N. York
R. Koolhaas et al (2000). Mutations, Actar
urban planning, urban design, history of urbanism