This Diploma Project concerns the creation of a Metropolitan Transport Station in Athens, on the occasion of the upcoming consolidation of the two existing Intercity Bus Stations (Kifissou and Liosion) into a new station on the site of Votanikos. This study attempts to redefine the importance of creating a project of this scale for Athens, proposing its creation within its center. The aim of this new building is to be a landmark for the region of Attica, in matters of transport and traffic, affecting simultaneously the urban fabric and the density of the region in which it is placed. At the same time, it aims to activate the pedestrian system input in its center, especially in areas where it suffers.
The study starts with the finding of the appropriate area for the installation of the program, based on multiple criteria, such as the connectivity of the area with the city networks and its potential to become a new hub for Attica. Then, an attempt is made to create the conditions for placing the program in the region, since, at this stage, it is densely populated. The system that was implemented is called “defragment” and attempts to create spaces within the “innards” of the area, so that the new program can be inserted.
In the design part, three buildings were created in the study area, linked together into five levels (-9.00, -3.00, +0.00, +4.50, +9.00), the main building of the station, the hotel, which is supportive of the station, and the building of Greek Postal Services, which is transferred from the opposite side of Konstantinoupoleos street, where it is today, freeing the space occupied for a potential creation of a park. Simultaneously, insome of the spaces vacated by the removal of the inactive buildings and were not used in the Station, there is the capacity for the creation of garages and other auxiliary functions for the region.