The Biomimicry is the scientific area concerning the study of the structures and systems that exist in nature and apply them to technological design.
Although, the term comes from ancient greek βίος (bios), life, and μίμησις(mīmēsis), imitation, from μιμεῖσθαι(mīmeisthai), to imitate, from μῖμος(mimos), actor.[wikipedia.org], in reality it includes much more than a simple imitation of the various functions that occur in nature.
Biomimicry becomes applicable when there is a technical problem which gives an opportunity for a search of a corresponding example that exists in nature. Some organisms or systems that operate in nature facing various problems, after they are examined and carefully studied, they give the opportunity to develop an appropriate technological system that overcomes similar problems.
The purpose is to study and understand the applications of nature, which will then help to solve some problems in architecture and other areas. We are entering the Eco Era, and many scientists believe that we will need to take lessons from nature itself, so that we can cope with the challenges of the new era.
There are three major changes that need to be made in order to enable mankind to cope with the challenges of the new era. Firstly, we need to achieve a significant increase in resource efficiency. Then, move from a fossil fuel economy to a renewable energy economy. Finally, to abandon the wasteful and polluting way of using resources and implement a closed loop model (recycle) so nothing is lost (Reuse, Reduce, Recycle).
This research focuses on the presentation of examples which are based on biomimicry. A source of ideas that has benefited from a period of 3.8 billion years of evolution and consists of a huge variety of species that inhabit the earth and represent good examples to follow.