As part of our research, we mainly deal with Japanese houses, lifestyle in Tokyo and a variety of techniques and types of residence, as we are interested to understand how the operational needs of a building in the capital of Japan can be met within structures of minimum shell size, obeying the strict Japanese aesthetic perception.
This study begins by identifying the root causes that led to this type of residential architecture. Specifically, through the historical path of the Japanese nation, we investigate the reasons leading to the need of taking advantage of the minimum space due to various social, urban and economic events. The role of topography in urban development and housing in general is studied while at the same time we explore the role of religion in general perception of life focusing on architecture. Thereafter the dimensions of the Japanese body in manufacturing scale are referred in order to understand their way of design and the development of various building systems in Japan.
The research identifies some key milestones on the types of buildings that have affected the scale of residential architecture, the types of building constructions and those of minor forms. The current situation of the urban fabric of the city is analyzed and the social implications of living in micro houses are evaluated.
In an effort to understand the architectural configuration of small houses , there is a recording of the importance of individual functional areas of home, while there is a presentation of different types of modern residential architecture in Tokyo and the general principles and techniques used in order to save space and enhance the illusion of depth and volume.
Finally, after the presentation of specific representative examples, we try to draw conclusion about the existence and aesthetic of this type of housing.