Cyprus in addition to the rich history and multi-culture, is characterized by the traditional architecture which is influenced by the many conquerors who passed through the island.
Lefkara, are located southeast of the Troodos Mountains, and fall within the administrative district of Larnaca. They are probably one of the most representative villages of Cyprus since its rich history - as evidenced by the findings - dates from the Geometric period to the Hellenistic Period. The village got its name from the limestone rocks of the region (White Mountains, Lefkara).
The architecture of the settlement went through different phases reflecting the socio-economic conditions, the urbanization of society and the influences of the invaders (mostly under British rule).
The traditional home in Lefkara includes room of daily activities and rest rooms and necessary facilities for the domestic economy, rural occupations, and later the commercial activities of its owners. All the rooms of Lefkaritikis residence - the dihoro, the sospito, the solar, the makrinari etc. - as well as proper sitting and layout of the courtyard, are designed in order to create a microclimate that mitigates climate which prevails in abroad.
The purpose of this research through a brief overview of climatic conditions of Cyprus, historical elements of traditional architecture and design of buildings in terms of design choices and construction practices, types of buildings and components, materials and construction methods, habits and folklore is the observation of behavior buildings. To present briefly many cases where traditional techniques and constructional practices were used just to monitor the local environment.
Thehouses of traditional architecture are not ghosts from a past era, but it is vivid evidence of the ability to maintain the character of the village alive. The traditional houses as an expression of genuine creation, filled with centuries - old tradition, deserve to be preserved and studied.
There are many examples where people who were faced with the adverse climatic conditions, reasonable, adapted architecture in energy efficient architecture, and simply means practices. Many ideas of the primitive architecture can be incorporated into modern designs to promote harmony with nature rather than domination of technology.