The present research is examing the contribution of Greek female architects to the reconstruction of Baghdad, a part of the wider project of the modernization of Iraq, developed by the Doxiadis Associates between 1953-1959. Through the extensive study of primary archival sources and oral interviews, this paper attempts to document and highlight the particular contribution of architects to the study, design and implementation of both private and public projects at different scales in Baghdad. Specifically, it brings to the fore original and unpublished information about the systematic effort of Marika Zagorisiou to record the living conditions in the ‘slums’ of Baghdad, the role of Myrto Antonopoulou in the design of vocational schools for the training of craftsmen, the contribution of Kiki Doris in the design of of public spaces in new residential areas, Dimitras Katohianou’s design of housing for Iraqi officials and Elenis Souflis-Spanou’s contribution to housing for senior factory staff. By investigating and highlighting the contribution of female architects to the work of the Doxiadis Office in Baghdad, the main aim of this paper is to illuminate uncharted areas of the history of post-war Greek architecture and the silenced gendered dimension of architectural modernism. In this direction, the work formulates a series of questions and attempts to approach them, taking into account the critical historical, socio-political context of the study in Greece, Iraq and internationally: How is the gender identity of female architects shaped and changed from education to work space? How is work and labor relations distributed based on gender within the Doxiadis Office? How does gender identity affect relationships with external collaborators of different nationalities but also the relationship of Greek female architects with Iraqi women of different social positions in the field?