This current thesis initiate by enrolling - in a general sense - the living conditions of the major urban centers worldwide. Summit meetings, international organizations, statistical surveys and the reality itself advocate in assumptions about the negative effects of centralization. As a manifestation of decongestion and at the same time by enriching individual's imagery, the "journey" has evolved to a dominant phenomenon of the times. The destinations usually virgin and authentic as long as fantastical and nostalgic are promoted alongside the creation of integrated experiences that the visitor will experience. The global tourism industry contributes to a wider context of 'values' of the times, characterized by the fast pace of life, presentism, consumption and spectacle. The once-urban wanderings are now the wandering of an entire global network.
Next up, through the procedure of analysis of the phenomenon of tourism, we reach out in conclusions about its socio-cultural impacts up to the spatial changes that occur. Also, it is being attempted to identify a spatial problem (in the context of the inclusion and the alteration of the character) with social implications .At the same time, we are looking for tools that are capable of constituting a theoretical background where through the designing are able to capture concepts in spatial terms. How does the production of space in large urban centers and in tourist destinations contribute to the same meanings of modern human characteristics? There is a variety of examples that tourism planning carries the characteristics of idealization, introversion, degradation of public space, spectacle and isolation.
At this point, the essay focuses on the example of Santorini island, as a destination that containing all those elements which are necessary to construct "values'' and to promote them. Santorini more specifically is an interesting example because of the huge change it has been occurred in recent years, mainly due to tourism. One of the special features of this change is that happened quite abruptly. As a result of the disastrous earthquake of 1956 was the emigration of many inhabitants of the island, the abandonment of crops and some artisanal units as well. The earthquake, though, was also the first tourist trigger for advertising the beauty of the island as many photographs were published on the newspapers around the world, revealing alongside with the huge catastrophe also the impressive volcanic landscape of the island. So a place that seemed to have lost all of its values was transformed in a relatively short period of time. Tourism turned into the main pursuit of the inhabitants of the island and source of their income thus it brought a great change not only to the economy but also to the society as a whole in spatial terms and in time management for the upcoming years.
This change is the product of combinations of innumerable heterogeneous factors which have dynamic character, and as a result has the production of spaces that are never stagnant. The multidimensional concept of space does not only mean architectural or urban planning but also it approaches space as a unity which transformed by physical, social, political and economic factors. Speaking about Santorini, through a comprehensive analysis (traditional settlements, methods and materials of construction, etc.) throughout the timeline, a research is undertaken to facilitate the understanding of the complex and the continuous production of space. Like in large urban centers, space is not only buildings, roads, etc., but also traffic, sounds, smells, light, people. It is the combination and the interaction of all of them and is the result of the environment we choose to live in.