In the case of closed societies, as they are understood both in developed and developing countries, polarization and separation, whether distinct or not, that shape specific spatial phenomena apply. Such closed societies are also the enclosed communities, the main feature of which is the distinct boundaries and the limited (if not forbidden) free access to them.
There are many such communities around the world and they are usually classified according to their type of use or the levels of luxury. The most common reason that leads people to stay in one of these closed communities is the fear of crime. Therefore, the main reason for their creation is to provide security (which may even be sometimes questioned) to their members. But is it the only one? What is really what leads to such solutions? Why does a society need boundaries and divisions among its members?
The creation and the prevalence of closed communities have several effects on society as a whole. They affect both the people who live in them and those who leave out, as well as the relationships between them.
Every society, from the Ideal State of Plato to the Open Society of Popper, follows patterns within a certain space and time. As these frameworks change, the standards of society are also affected. In any case, in a real transformation of our society, the pattern that prevails should be commonly accepted, to the fullest extent or at least not lead to massive and large reactions with irreversible consequences.