Visually impaired people are a vulnerable social group and a significant proportion of the population. These people face a lot of difficulties in their daily routine, so their choices are limited. They have different needs that are displayed in their lifestyle. The space planning for these individuals responds to functional and practical issues in conjunction with each person's individual perception. However, it is difficult to determine the spatial conditions and especially the lighting conditions that affect the action of people in space.
Through this research, an attempt is made to highlight the difficulties of these people and at the same time to answer the question how lighting in conjunction with the appropriate materials in a space can help to improve their living standards. Initially we analyze the difficulties that visually impaired people face in their everyday life in order to understand their individual needs. Then the research extends to the study of the architectural manipulation of lighting in the exterior and interior environment up to the lighting regulations provided to create a pleasant environment. Lighting types, different types of lamps and how they can be combined to create a space suitable for visually impaired people have been analyzed.
The objective of the proposal is to incorporate the appropriate lighting and to change the color shades of the materials in existing spaces. These are: bedroom, bathroom, kitchen. There will be two versions for each basic space that will outline three different visual ailments. These conditions are cataracts, glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. This will make it possible to compare these two versions and to see if these changes actually improve the visual levels of these diseases.
Finally, with the use of a virtual reality mask, someone can see how a visually impaired person sees and ascertains himself how proper lighting combined with the right materials in the room improves his vision. Thus, 360 ° photographs were created for the above-mentioned areas, where it is severely shown how a visually impaired person sees and then improves this space through proper lighting. The person using virtual reality mask is able to "look around" the places by rotating his head and in this way he will have an realistic experience.