This paper relates to the specific uses and applications of stone in the modern architectural process. Specifically, it focuses on innovative forms of stone constructions, as opposed to classical structures where stone is used. Recent literature on the subject indicates that this material is actively used in contemporary architecture, and that its use has not been impacted by the introduction of new high-tech materials. While the latter seem to dominate contemporary structures, they lack the advantages of stone usage and the aesthetic appearance it confers on buildings. The first part of the analysis conducted in this paper consisted of comparing various examples of architectural designs with each other in order to enhance our understanding of the use of stone in contemporary architecture. Following this comparative exercise, the examples were categorised into five distinct groups of architectural designs, each of which identifies specific patterns of stone usage across the examples reviewed.
The first group identifies structures where the stone was used after being processed with new cutting technologies. Specifically, this group consists of structures where the properties of the stone were first studied, before implementing the structures using new methods. The second group brings together cases where the stone appears to have been stacked strategically on the structure, giving it at times either a sense of randomness, or a somewhat sophisticated class. It is worth noting that new placement systems are currently being developed in relation to examples included in this group. The third group consists of buildings in which the rocks' surfaces were cut using a technique that deliberately gives them a rough image and a coarse appearance. The fourth group brings together cases where the stone is inserted in concrete, thereby creating an artificial "stone", which transforms the solid form of cement. Finally, the fifth group includes architectural examples of gabions, that is, ’’cages’’, made of stainless steel and filled with stones. The distinctive materiality of stone awakens the senses, thereby enhancing the subjective architectural narrative.