Metabolism emerges as a solution to two main issues; the overcrowded urban areas of Japan and the rapid building reconstruction that was necessary following the natural and World War II disasters. As a result, the first capsules are designed – occupying the minimum possible space. One of the primary features of the newly designed capsules is that the capsules may be replaced every 25 years, thus creating a system that can be adapted to the society’s needs organically.
The connection between the Metabolism and the West becomes apparent, despite the unrealistic ideas – which may not even be applied in practice – by the Metabolists.
A new group of architects now focuses on the design of permanent and semi-permanent accommodation occupying the least possible space. Part of the group attempts to satisfy the primary human needs, whereas the rest of the group creates practical solutions for the daily life needs.
Furthermore, the structure of a free and open minded society reflects the fundamental ideas behind Metabolism too. This society is free of human labour; hence, it depends upon its automated technological methods in order to evolve. Machines replace humans and enable them to either telework or abstain from work completely. At this point you can see the difference between the two cases, as in Japan Metabolism helps workers to have an easier life and in this case the architects’ idea points to the abandon of jobs and to the equity of the people through this process. Moreover, west architects point to the creation of a creative and entertaining society.
Except from that, interactive architecture is connected with Metabolism. Buildings react to human needs and wishes and digital or moving societies are created and evolve organically. They consist of data networks which are controlled by people. People and buildings are bodies that exchange information.