The present work is concerned with the concept of utopia and utopian text, as the literature genre that has as a subject the concept of ideal government. The basic scope of the work is to research the interrelation of the utopian texts with the city and the contemporary society.
In the first section, the concept of utopia, the conceptual loads that the term took and a historical review from the antiquity to the 19th century are presented. In the second section, an analysis of three science fiction novels: Brave New World by Aldus Huxley, Do androids dream of electric sheep by Phillip K. Dick and Red Mars by Kim Stanley Robinson. These three novels were chosen on a basis of the impact they had on the literary genre of science fiction and the temporal moments that they were produced. Based on the thesis that the city is the eminent space of science fiction, an analysis of the novels on the axis of the critical commentary they do on the spatial and socioeconomical parts of their contemporary city.
Utopian text captures the continuous effort of human intellect to approximate the opposite of what it is experiencing. But the city of today, is not just the spatial implementation of a diversity but it is identified with the research subject of the utopian text as an experimental spatial and social field. The imaginary future is an extrapolation of the present, a critique of the contemporary structures and a device of searching for the other. This twofold reading of the city is the primary cause that generates and creates the utopian frame, frees the imagination but also sets its borders. Maybe, the future city is nothing more than the effort of understanding the city of today.