Medical care is one of the most important needs among people of contemporary society. Hos- pitals are usually concentrated within urban centers with a view to serving a large part of the population. Geography of Greece and probably other countries as well, urbanization and several socioeconomical factors can convert the access to such kind of services, from everyday and convenient to exceptionally difficult. Additionally, the use of mobile medical care units has been well established and is used in emergency cases, during natural disasters or wars, as well as in everyday hospital activities. At the same time, examinations at home take place by doctors at a daily basis.
As a result, the need rises for existence of a unit easily transported and with access to remote areas. Based on the applying scenario, the basic medical needs that are chosen to be served in such a unit are the specialties of the dentist, oculist, microbiologist, gynaecologist, patholo- gist and pediatrician. The construction will have to be able to serve those specialties’ activities within the smallest space possible. Therefore, the use of a trailer truck due to dimensions, available initial volume and ability to travel is deemed appropriate for the housing of a mobile medical unit. The utilization of a prototype automated mechanism almost triples the available surface of the trailer, converting it to a full and complete medical care unit, achieving the clin- ics’ operation.
The complex approach is formulated through the mechanical requirements and available space. As far as the construction part is concerned, the logic and the design principles of a camper are followed, factors which affect external design at a great extent. Internal design, on the other hand, focuses on the creation of a pleasant comfortable environment for the patients and doctors as well. In conclusion, the unit has to be autonomous regarding energy and water consumption for the longest possible duration.
The goal of the approach is the establishment of the unit as a medical symbol, which
will offer services to the less favored population groups. Through this specific approach, the establishment and wider utilization of respective units is sought as a basic method of medical care and service for citizens who do not reside in urban centers.