In this piece of work, a thorough research takes place, regarding the refugees' settlement and then the city of New Ionia of Magnesia. This research has so much to do with the history of the constitution of the refugees' town, but also the people themselves, that fought for this cause, the residents, the urban planning, the architecture of the city as well as the units of accommodation that were erected in order to host the refugees.
The first chapter has to do with the attendance of the refugees from Asia Minor and their installation in Volos and then in Nea Ionia. Here therefore, we can see analytically enough under which circumstances, this pestered population was eradicated, sent away or "exchanged" those black days when the Hellenism of Asia Minor came to an end, when the conclusion of the history of a population was written. This population came out from the gut of Greece, that achieved great things in the earth of the lost lands of Ionia, Cappadocia and Pontus, which after being irrigated with their sweat and made rich as well as fruitful, worthy enough of their faculties, were also filled with blood since the people payed with their lives and their fortunes, the errors of Greece and the bad handlings of the most powerful of the Earth. This pestered but also proud population was transported so diminished, at least with regard to the men's population and spread in various cities of Greece. One among these was Volos.
In Volos therefore, as in all the other cities that the waves of refugees arrived, the first installation took place in sordidly made shacks, in the best case in old deposits, that where filled by the once sovereigns, the "lords" of Asia Minor. These people were called "giaourides" (bad characterization for the Greek population) and infidels by the Turks, descendants of the Turks and foreigners by their Greek brothers.
Greece was unprepared, helpless and exhausted after the war that cost lives and money, making it hard to correspond to the needs of all those people. The Committee of Re-establishments of the Refugees that was established, accomplished, after many troubles, the construction of some settlements, off-hand structures, in which the refugees, that had already started to get diminished by the hunger and the illnesses, were accommodated. These, therefore, off-hand buildings were for them a new beginning. The tile above their heads, the place that accommodated their families, their dreams, their expectations. Thus, so poorly but with a lot of tenacity and pride, they began to dream again. In the one-room houses of the settlement, in the stones of Xirokampos, they spread their roots, and helped to make Greece prosper. They fought, they worked tirelessly and they stood on their feet again. Born fighters, they flourished and by helping each other they all set the foundations of the new city, Nea Ionia, that begun to get filled with little shops of craftsmen, professionals and retailers. Others, male and female worked in Tobacco Storages but also in other factories of Volos and Nea Ionia and other dockers and seamen in the harbor of Volos, they started their life again. Many of the women were then workers in the Silk-mill, one of the factories that were placed in the urban web of Nea Ionia, exactly above the Krausidonas stream, property of Etmektzoglou. Today, the building of the Silk-mill was expropriated by the municipality and now accommodates the Service of Urban planning of Nea Ionia, the Centre of Youth, hall for events and cinematographic projections and the Center of Citizens Service of Nea Ionia.
Then, they hosted their faith in Evaggelistria Church, they created their football team called "NIKE" and they built their school in order to educate their children, from which many graduates are scientists today. Thus, Nea Ionia, became a city and started developing and to growing. The refugees' children also grew, got married and started new families, making Nea Ionia the second biggest demographic city of Magnesia.
In the second chapter, there is a detailed reference to these urban characteristics of the city and its architecture, which is anyway frugal. Besides, how could they be different when the refugees' settlement transformed itself little by little and without any particular planning, in the later city of Nea Ionia. However, there are some buildings that are points of report for the city's history, as the Evaggelistria Church, of which the drawings are attached drawings. The old Church was built by the refugees themselves, who put a lot of personal work and money, despite their poverty, so as to host their faith and the holy pictures that they brought with them from their lost homelands, putting in danger their life or leaving back other valuable or needful things instead. The Church big enough and imposing, stands proudly in the heart of city, reminding all of how fundamental was the role that the religious faith played for this persons, who years and years now have kept it alive in their distant homeland despite the different attitude of the Turks. The second point of report, with regard to the architecture of city, that in the beginning was accommodated in two two-storied refugee buildings opposite to the square of Evaggelistria Church, then however the students were transferred in the new big building of the 7th and 8th Primary Schools. Another point of report is the Town Hall of Nea Ionia that was progressively constructed and grew simultaneously with the city. Initially, the building was small, but then additions were made in order to cover the needs of the new bigger city that was continuously developing. Thus, in 1947 the refugees' settlement became the Municipality of Nea Ionia. Later, other municipal buildings were also created, using old refugee residences that were expropriated and renovated with financing by the program URBAN, in which various municipal services and organizations are hosted. Regarding the urban planning of the city, there comes a thorough report of districts that compose the city, subareas, squares as well as two of its most important landmarks, the field of the football team "NIKE", called "Klouva", today "Pantelis Magoulas" and the recently erected Panthessaliko Stadium, for which some construction characteristics are mentioned. These two athletic installations were not presented in the unit of her architectural city, for their presence influences intensely the urban web of the city.
In the third and last chapter, there comes a detailed report as for the building matter of Nea Ionia. The typologies of the refugee residences and the way of construction are set down. The most important building typologies and in chronological order according to their construction date, are "Tetragona" ("Squares"), "Tsimentenia" ("Cementitious"), Tzamaliotika, "Germanika" ("German") and "Petrina" ("Stone - made"). For the each group, drawings that represent the way of their construction are attached. Succinctly, "Tetragona" were the first houses in which refugees families were accommodated. These were elongated terraced buildings making a total of four rooms, in each of which a family was hosted. The residences were built parametrically so that they would create a square, the centre of the which was left free, creating thus a small square in which a well was used by all the families to get some water, a laundry where all the families washed their clothes and two lavatories in the right and in the left of the laundry common for all. The first category, "Tsimentenia" ("Cementitious") were place in the west of Evaggelistria Church, they were more appropriate for people to live in, they were built from cement tiles, with hipped roof and they accommodated two families, each possessing two rooms, kitchen, lavatory and courtyard. The next residence category built were "Tzamaliotika". They were named after the Turk tobacco merchant Tzamali, in the storage of whom lived the refugees hosted in this type of residences. This buildings, were mostly sordid, tightly built in plots of 22 - 30 square meters, housing entire families, sometimes multi-member, in their one and unique room. The other category of residences was "Germanika" ("German"), placed in the east of Evaggelistria Church and precisely next to "Tetragona" ("Squares"). They were named so, because their construction was financed by her compensations of the First World War. They were petty constructions from thin cement slabs, screwed on a wooden infrastructure that was separated in four parts and housed four families, who substantially lived under same roof, since each family heard everything done in the house next to them. Finally, came "Petrina" ("Stone - made), place in the west of Evaggelistria Church, exactly next to "Tsimentenia" ("Cementitious"). These were spacious enough, with a big plot of 100 - 170 square meters, built with stone mined from the pit of Koyfovouno, tile roof and constituted by two rooms with hallway and auxiliary spaces. This him lived for the most part, refugees that came in 1924, called "exchanged population". These therefore, were the most basic typologies of the residences where the refugees were accommodated.
These small houses, smelled so good from cleanness, sparkled from tidiness, flourished by their zest, were a brand new start for these diligent people, that despite reaching this place being orphan, hungry, eradicated, bearing the fear of death and loss in the foggy eyes of their, they were reborn from their ashes and just like wounded eagles, they healed their wounds and flew high again, they fought and worked and educated themselves and wrote once again their own history, their own chronicle, the chronicle of Nea Ionia.