This research topic discusses the course followed by Nea Smyrni, a refugee suburb, as it attempts to investigate the reasons why the area failed to create a garden-city-planning settlement. By placing the current boundaries of the area on the map and understanding the theories on which the idea of the garden-city is based, the research will focus on initial overall planning efforts seeking the factors that led to deviation from the original goal: the creation of Nea Smyrni as a refugee garden-suburb with model the area of Psychiko. The involvement of the Church in neighborhood affairs, private initiative as well as European investment seems to have laid the groundwork for the reconstruction of Nea Smyrni before 1940. However, the area's planning is growing after the end of the Second World War, forming in the 1970s its present frontier. During these thirty years, Nea Smyrni is increasingly moving away from its original design vision by redefining its building regulations. Internal migration in Athens in 1950 is the cause that has strengthened the need for direct housing resulting in the intensification of building activity on terms quite different from the original planning intentions of the area. The idea of an organized and structured according to an architectural design nevertheless was not abandoned. The Municipality's interventions are frequent and aim to improve the urban landscape functionally and aesthetically. The question is whether Nea Smyrni manages to be a garden-suburb as it originally intended, or if it failed in the course of its urban development to accomplish its goal.