According to the philosopher Immanuel Kant, garden is a form of art. Every garden, just like a painting or a sculpture, creates emotions and thoughts. At the same time, it incorporates symbols and allegories while it expresses the ideas of its society. This project, entitled “The Interpretation of the Garden: from Persian paradise to the English landscape of the 18th century” by students Kontaxi Zoi and Matalliotakis Nikos of the University of Thessaly Faculty of Architecture, under the supervision and guidance of professor Dr. George Triantafillidis , examines the relationship of garden with man as well as with nature and studies the theoretical background and its meaning for several civilizations. In the beginning, as part of introduction, some archetype symbols are presented, symbols that we encounter in both ancient and more recent gardens, in order to comprehend them. The project is divided to chapters, devoted to civilizations and garden styles that have influenced the garden design. The study starts from Middle East, where the Mesopotamian civilizations created the first gardens and associated them with Heaven. It continues with reference to Egypt and focuses on the Persian Garden that established the pattern of "closed paradise", which will spread from Central Asian countries to Europe. In this way the study goes to the European area, where reference is made to Greek culture, to the gardens of Rome and Byzantium, as well as to the cloisters of the medieval monasteries. A more extensive reference is then made to the "renaissance" of the garden with the villas of Italy, the restoration of Imperial grandeur with the French Baroque gardens and the naturalistic approach of the English landscape garden. The study of gardens ends with Far East gardens, with the Chinese gardens, full of balance and contrasts and the sleek but impressive Japanese gardens. Finally, the work concludes with some conclusions relating both to the balance between human intervention and nature, and to the existence or absence of a deeper meaning in the design of the garden and its elements.